Outcome-based 19/SU Course Syllabus
Course Rubric-Number-Section:ABDR-1323-2001
Contact Hours:
  • 2 hrs - Lecture
  • 4 hrs - Lab
CIP Code:47.0603
Course Title:Front & Rear Wheel Alignment
Course Description:Study of vehicle steering components including alignment, tire rotation, and balancing.
Course Meets:
Thursday 8:00AM to 10:20AM
Building: 200F room 109
Thursday 10:20AM to 12:40PM
Building: 200F room 112
Thursday 1:00PM to 3:40PM
Building: 200F room 112
Instructor: Joseph Cantu
Office Phone Number: 956-364-4825
Email Address: jcantu18@tstc.edu
Office Fax Number: 956-364-5159
Building & Office Room Number: F 109
Office Hours: M-W-F 8-9am
Approved by: Clint CampbellDate: 2019-04-26
Course Outcomes
CO1: Identify the functions of steering components
CO2: Diagnose front and rear vehicle alignment angles
CO3: Demonstrate proper procedures when balancing and rotating tires
CO4: Align vehicles to manufacturers' specifications

TSTC Grading Policy

(Grades for courses must be C or better)




Grade Points



Excellent/Superior Performance Level




Above Required Performance Level




Minimum Required Performance Level




Below Required Performance Level



Below 60

Failure to meet Performance Requirements




In Progress












Audit of Course


See College Catalog for complete descriptions.


Competencies Rating Scale

Rating Scale Key







Student consistently performs the task accurately to industry standards without supervision.




Student performs the task to industry standards with no supervision.




Student performs the task to industry standards with little supervision. This is the minimum performance rating for STAR skill completion.



Exposed/Not Proficient

Student has been introduced to the task and can perform some of the tasks to industry standards.



Exposed/Not Proficient

Student has been introduced to the task, but cannot perform the task to industry standards.




Student was absent or did not complete assignment.


Campus Standard Policies

The Student Handbook contains valuable information on campus policies and procedures.

  • Student Code of Conduct
  • Student Drug and Alcohol Testing Policy
  • Plagiarism
  • Student Grievances and Complaints



Safety is always a priority and it is everyone’s responsibility. A hazard assessment must be performed prior to each laboratory assignment in order to identify potential risks and the appropriate safety measures to be used in the mitigation/elimination of identified hazards.


Disability Services

Any student who, because of a disability, may require special accommodations in order to meet the course requirements, should contact the Disability Services office, as soon possible, to make necessary arrangements.  Please note that instructors are not allowed to provide classroom accommodation to a student until appropriate verification from the Disability Services office has been provided.

Abilene Campus
Amy Buchanan
Testing and Support Services
Abilene Main Campus Bldg. Rm. 112

Breckenridge Campus
Lisa Langford
Testing and Advisement located in
The Main Building Rm. 106

Brownwood Campus
Nicole Whitley
Testing and Advisement
Building 2 Rm. 120
Fort Bend Campus
Georgeann Calzada
Enrollment Suite, Brazos Center, Rm. 106

Harlingen Campus
Corina De La Rosa
Disability Services
Student Support Services
Student Services Bldg. Rm. 216

Marshall Campus
Annette Ellis
Administration and Admissions Rm. 150
Sweetwater Campus
Patricia Carpio
Disability Services
Student Support Services
Lance Sears Building Rm. 140

North Texas Campus
Amanda Warren
Student Services, Room 227

Waco Campus
Marilyn Harren
Disabilities Services Office
Student Services Center Rm. 198

Williamson County
Chemese Armstrong
Enrollment Services Rm. B113C


Tutoring Statement

The Supplemental Instruction & Tutoring Program at TSTC offers free tutoring and academic support services to help you achieve your academic and career goals.  You can access the Tutoring Schedule, as well as MyTSTC Video Tutor Library, by visiting: https://portal.tstc.edu/student/Student_Learning/Pages/Tutoring.aspx 
(shortened link: goo.gl/Z9vJvY ). 
For more information, please contact Norma A. Salazar@ 956-364-4557.

Learning Resource Center

The purpose of the TSTC Learning Resource Center is to serve the TSTC Community and support academic, advanced, specialized and emerging programs, contributing to the educational and economic development of the State of Texas. For access to online library resources, databases and services visit the Learning Resource Center on the TSTC Portal or go to tstc.libguides.com.

Textbooks & Publications:
1Front and Rear Wheel AlignmentABDR 1323Bookstore Workbook 10412275
Tools, Materials:
ItemResource Quantity
1Approved safety glasses (clear lens)1
210-12' (3m) Metric retractable tape measure1
33 ring loose leaf notebook1
4Spiral or paper for notebook1

Tool Resource Statement

Tools and materials must be acquired by the beginning of the third class week or the student will be dismissed until resources are complete


Grade Scheme
Category Description Category Value   
Test 20%   
Assessment Label: Assessment Description Assessment Value
Safety Test:Complete lab safety test during lab orientation2.22%
Test 2:Camber and Caster Influence2.22%
Test 3:Camber and Caster tolerance2.22%
Test 4:01T1 - Suspension angles (comprehensive)2.22%
Test 5:"Techniques for Front Wheel Alignment"2.22%
Test 6:02T1 - Suspension diagnostics (comprehensive)2.22%
Test 7:Suspension Parts Identification2.22%
Test 8:STE 01 Wheels and Tires2.22%
Final Exam:Final Course Exam (comprehensive)2.22%
Category Description Category Value   
Lab 80%   
Assessment Label: Assessment Description Assessment Value
Lab 1:Measure Toe and Wheel run out10.00%
Lab 2:Measure Turning Radius10.00%
Lab 3:Measure Camber and Caster using mechanical gauges10.00%
Lab 4:SLA camber and caster exercise10.00%
Lab 5:Demonstration of balancing a tire and wheel assembly10.00%
Lab 6:Balance wheel/tire assembly10.00%
Homework 1:Complete essays regarding "Alignment Wheel Meets Body" according to instructional handout10.00%
Homework 2:Complete test worksheet based on "Wheel Alignment" handout10.00%
Total Assessment Percent          100.00%
Total Category Percent 100.00%
A = 100-90 B = 89-80 C = 79-70 D = 69-60 F = 59-0

Description of Graded Elements of the Course
Assessment Label Assessment Description/Course outcomes met Assessment Value
in Percent
% of Final Grade
Safety TestComplete lab safety test during lab orientation
Course outcomes met: CO3
Test 2Camber and Caster Influence
Course outcomes met: CO1, CO2
Lab 1Measure Toe and Wheel run out
Course outcomes met: CO2, CO1
Lab 2Measure Turning Radius
Course outcomes met: CO1, CO2
Test 3Camber and Caster tolerance
Course outcomes met: CO2, CO1
Test 401T1 - Suspension angles (comprehensive)
Course outcomes met: CO1, CO2
Lab 3Measure Camber and Caster using mechanical gauges
Course outcomes met: CO2, CO4
Test 5"Techniques for Front Wheel Alignment"
Course outcomes met: CO1, CO2
Lab 4SLA camber and caster exercise
Course outcomes met: CO2, CO1, CO4
Test 602T1 - Suspension diagnostics (comprehensive)
Course outcomes met: CO4, CO1, CO2
Lab 5Demonstration of balancing a tire and wheel assembly
Course outcomes met: CO3
Homework 1Complete essays regarding "Alignment Wheel Meets Body" according to instructional handout
Course outcomes met: CO3, CO4, CO1, CO2
Test 7Suspension Parts Identification
Course outcomes met: CO1
Test 8STE 01 Wheels and Tires
Course outcomes met: CO3
Lab 6Balance wheel/tire assembly
Course outcomes met: CO3
Homework 2Complete test worksheet based on "Wheel Alignment" handout
Course outcomes met: CO2, CO4, CO1, CO3
Final ExamFinal Course Exam (comprehensive)
Course outcomes met: CO2, CO1


Description of Graded Elements of the Course:

Student test assessments will be graded on the ability to choose the correct answer in regard to multiple choice test questions or provide the correct answer to test questions that require a missing word or brief statement.

Performance assessments are designed to enhance the student’s level of competency based on the course outcomes and expectations of the industry




Course Schedule
Unit Description/Objectives Assessment Label:Description Due Date
1Course Orientation and Policies
  • Review syllabus
  • Discuss purpose of course, requirements, and application to individual study of material
  • Identify various types of suspension and steering and components
Safety Test: Complete lab safety test during lab orientationWeek 1
Study handout prior to next lab period
Complete worksheet; due next lab period
2Defining Camber and Caster
  • Define purpose of angles
  • Identify the vehicle influence
  • Explain the tolerance of angles
Read Lesson handouts prior to next class
Review camber and caster
�?�Identify angles using suspension examples in lab
3Toe and Bump steer
  • Define purpose of angles
  • Review toe and bump steer using software on Hunter alignment equipment
  • Measure total toe and adjust to zero spec using an assigned lab vehicle
Review Lesson handouts prior to next class
Test 2: Camber and Caster InfluenceWeek 3
Lab 1: Measure Toe and Wheel run outWeek 3
4Turning Radius: cause and effect of proper and improper turning radius

  • Explain benefits of proper turning radius
  • Explain how to measure and troubleshoot problems associated with turning radius
  • Measure turning radius using turnplates on an assigned lab vehicle
Review Lesson handouts prior to next class
Complete worksheets in class
Lab 2: Measure Turning RadiusWeek 4
5Steering Axis Inclination (SAI): discussion of SAI and its use in diagnosing alignment problems
  • Define SAI and explain benefits of angle
  • Explain how SAI is used as a diagnostic angle in collision repair
  • Using a Bear #27 gauge and turnplates measure camber and caster on an assigned lab vehicle
  • Diagnose condition of vehicle based on measured outcome
Review Lesson handouts prior to next class and alignment gauge handout prior to next lab
Test 3: Camber and Caster toleranceWeek 5
Test 4: 01T1 - Suspension angles (comprehensive)Week 5
Lab 3: Measure Camber and Caster using mechanical gaugesWeek 5
6Included Angle (IA) and Scrub Radius: review of SAI and a discussion of IA, and scrub radius and their relationship to collision diagnostics
  • Discuss SAI concepts and diagnostic advantages
  • Define IA and Scrub Radius
  • Discuss each angle as additional diagnostic references to collision repair
Read "Techniques for Front Wheel Alignment" for test next class period. Review Lesson handouts
Complete worksheets in class
Skill development with lab projects
7Suspension Diagnostics: comprehensive discussion of alignment angles and the variable outcomes and benefits to damage diagnostics
  • Given examples of damage, evaluate effects of improper vehicle alignment angles
  • Discuss necessary adjustments or repairs needed to correct suspension
  • Evaluate control arm movement using a mechanical gauge and a chassis with an SLA suspension
Review Lesson handouts prior to next class test over diagnostics
Test 5: "Techniques for Front Wheel Alignment"Week 7
Lab 4: SLA camber and caster exerciseWeek 7
8Damage Analysis using I-CAR DAM 03 review steering and suspension components to and discuss possible damage situations.
  • Given examples of damage, discuss steering and suspension damage situations
  • Using selected lab vehicles complete steering and suspension identification worksheets during lab period
Review Lesson handouts prior to next class
Test 6: 02T1 - Suspension diagnostics (comprehensive)Week 8
Lab: Identification of suspension components
9Steering and Suspension and Diagnostics review of diagnostics and begin I-CAR STE 01: Identification of wheel and tire assemblies, and proper balancing procedures
  • Using worksheet determine possible damage to suspension components
  • Explain corrections to above suspension
  • Identify wheel and tire characteristics
  • Explain how to balance a wheel/tire assembly
Review Lesson handouts prior to next class
Complete worksheets in class
10Tires and Wheels I-CAR STE 01: continued identification of proper tire repair, rotation, and wheel bearing maintenance
  • Explain how to repair a tire
  • Explain wheel bearing cleaning and replacement
  • Explain methods of tire rotation
  • Participate in demonstration of balancing a wheel/tire assembly
Review Lesson handouts prior to next class
Lab 5: Demonstration of balancing a tire and wheel assemblyWeek 10
Study Steering and Suspension Identification handout for test next week
Homework 1: Complete essays regarding "Alignment Wheel Meets Body" according to instructional handoutWeek 11
11Tracking and Thrust Angle identification of proper vehicle tracking, ride height, and associated
  • Identify proper tracking tolerance and associated problems
  • Explain thrust angle and ride height
  • Explain methods of determining ride height
Review Lesson handouts prior to next class
Test 7: Suspension Parts IdentificationWeek 11
Test 8: STE 01 Wheels and TiresWeek 11
Lab 6: Balance wheel/tire assemblyWeek 11
Homework 2: Complete test worksheet based on "Wheel Alignment" handoutWeek 12
12 Final Exam and Completion of Lab Objectives
  • Complete a comprehensive written final exam with at least 70% accuracy
  • Participate in clean up of lab areas and attend department awards ceremony
Final Exam: Final Course Exam (comprehensive)Week 12
Clean up lab, tools and equipment as assigned by instructors period.
ACM department awards ceremony
The Auto Collision Department or acting Instructor reserves the right to substitute or rearrange lecture topics, lab projects, homework, tests, or assignments based on the needs of the class or requirements to meet course outcomes and objectives. Once weekly 1323 objectives are completed, additional lab time may be used for other class objectives within semester.


Instructor Participation Policy:

A student is expected to attend and participate during the scheduled period of instruction (lecture and lab).  This begins with the first scheduled class day of the term.  A student deemed  a non-participant for more than 10% ( 3.0 hours) of the lecture or 10% ( 6.0 hours) of the lab periods, regardless of grades earned on assignments, will have to repeat the course.

A student is considered tardy up to 15 minutes into the scheduled lecture or lab, and thereafter will be considered a non-participant for that period of instruction.


Course Policies:
Safety Procedures
Students are required to participate in a safety lecture prior to performing in the laboratory portion of the course. A written test will be given to each participating student covering the presented safety materials. Students must complete the safety test with 100% accuracy prior to receiving lab assignments.
All lecture and laboratory safety rules and regulations will be followed in every detail. Failure to comply with this policy will result in dismissal from class until further notice.
Acceptance Attire
  • NIOSH approved clear safety glasses will be worn at all times
  • Full-toed shoes (no slippers, sandals, flip-flops, or bare feet)
  • Full length pants (must extend past ankles)
  • Pants must fit around waist within 3 inches of belly button
  • Shirts (no sleeveless or tank tops)
  • Shirts with and without buttons can be worn with instructor approval on neck opening exposure
  • Clothing must be reasonably snug fitting (not excessively loose, baggy, torn)
  • An inappropriate slogan on clothing is not acceptable.
  • Jogging clothes, sweats, or warm-ups are not acceptable.
  • Acceptable headgear: ball caps or bump caps (No do-rags, bandanas or shower caps)
  • The Instructor has the final authority concerning matters of dress
Classroom and Lab Behaviors
  • Smoking in classrooms, laboratories and shops are prohibited
  • Smoking is permitted only in designated areas
  • Smoking is prohibited within 20 feet of a building, when permitted
  • Smoking is prohibited within the fenced area surrounding the ACM and CAT Labs.
  • The consumption of drinks, candy and other food items is restricted to lounge areas
  • Eating or drinking in laboratories are hazardous because of the toxic nature of lab materials being handled
  • No horseplay at any time
  • Be responsible – Be a professional
Late Work/Test Policies
All students are required to be present for class. However, unexpected circumstances will occur. If a student has an excused absence, death or illness in the immediate family, the student must notify the instructor of record immediately. If a test is missed, the instructor has to give permission for make up. The missed test must be made up before the next scheduled period of instruction.
An excused absence only allows for make up of missed assignments or test. The absence is recorded.
Assignments are due at the beginning of class of the set due date. Late assignments will not be accepted and a grade of “zero” will be earned for said assignment. Students that have notified the instructor prior to the absence may be considered excused.
Pop tests  
Can be given at any time by the instructor and are not make up items.
Students can be exempted from a final exam if:
  1. Lecture average is 90 or above
  2. Attendance is perfect
  3. Assignments are completed and turned in
  4. Projects are complete
Cell Phone Policy
Cell phones may not be used in the classroom or lab as they are unsafe and disruptive to the environment.
Anyone failing to adhere to this policy will be dismissed from class and issued a non-participation grade (absence) for that period of instruction.
Departmental Awards Ceremony/Cleanup Policy
Each student is expected to participate in the awards ceremony and cleanup activities once the date has been identified.
Students with unexpected circumstances can be excused by the department chair only.

TSTC school calendar identifies the end of the semester. Student break begins the day after